Art of Western America

 Pomona College Art Gallery Claremont California
 November 1 - 31 1949
Sponsored by Pomona College Art Department Dr Kenneth E. Foster, Chairman

Foreword | Oil Paintings | Bronzes | Wood Carvings | Watercolors
Etchings and Prints | Drawings | Biographies | Acknowledgments | Typography


THE ART of the West has a history as long as the West itself and must include the works of not only the American Indians of the tribes familiar to us, but their forerunners, the Cliffdwellers, the Basketmakers, and those who came before them.
In Historic times the list is formidable enough if the early explorers and recorders of the Indian, such as George Catlin, Bodmer and the Indians themselves, are to be included. Of later years Frederic Remington, Charles Schreyvogel and a host of others could not be omitted and so, for the purpose of this exhibition, only the works of men who have painted or otherwise recorded the West during the twentieth century have been gathered, and few enough of them.
Those chosen, although they include some of the greatest names in Western painting, were chosen because their pictures could be found and borrowed, in the time available, and not because they were considered to be better painters than many artists whose works were, perforce, omitted.
The gathering, however, is unique because seldom, if ever before, have the works of all these Western artists been seen together in a show made up of Western art alone.

Pomona College Art Department

* See reproduction in this Catalogue

1 The Horse Race Oscar E. Berninghaus Loaned by Cowie Galleries
2 The Plasterer Ernest L. Blumenschein Loaned by Mr. Rupert Hughes
3 Adobe Village Ernest L. Blumenschein Loaned by Cowie Galleries
4 Indian by Firelight E. Irving Couse Loaned by Mr. Don L. Perceval
5 The Cloud World Maynard Dixon Loaned by Mr. Buck Weaver
6 Man of Taos Maynard Dixon Loaned by the Southwest Museum
7 Toward Kaibitoh Maynard Dixon Loaned by Mr. Buck Weaver
8 Apache Plunder Maynard Dixon Loaned by Cowie Galleries
9 Taos Scene Nicolai Fechin Loaned by Mr. Homer Britzman
10 The Kiva Blanche C. Grant Loaned by the Southwest Museum
11 Yellow Trees at Hondo Victor Higgins Loaned by Cowie Galleries
12 Santa Fe Traders Frank Tenney Johnson Loaned by Cowie Galleries
13 Sun Chief Kathryn W. Leighton Loaned by Cowie Galleries
14 The Sheepherder Hans Paap Loaned by Mr. Homer Britzman
15 High Sierra Lake Edgar Payne Loaned by Mr. Don L. Perceval
16 Navajo Stronghold Edgar Payne Loaned by Mrs. Edgar Payne
17 Where Great Herds Come to Drink * Charles M. Russell Loaned by Mr. Homer Britzman
18 Agathla James Swinnerton Loaned by the artist
19 Indians in Cornfield Walter Ufer Loaned by the Los Angeles County Museum
20 Open Range, Arizona Buck Weaver Loaned by Mr. and Mrs. Harry C. James
21 Nevada Ranch Buck Weaver Loaned by the artist
22 Desert Storm Buck Weaver Loaned by the artist
23 Cowboy Jo Mora Loaned by Mr. Don L. Perceval
24 Where The Best of Riders Quit Chas. M. Russell Loaned by Mr. Homer Britzman
25 Bucker and Buckaroo Charles M. Russell Loaned by Mr. Homer Britzman
26 Enemy Tracks Charles M. Russell Loaned by Mr. Homer Britzman
27 Done Gone H. "Tex" Wheeler Loaned by Cowie Galleries
28 Mother Bear and Cubs John Clarke Loaned by Mr. Homer Britzman
29 Taos Indian with Drum Nicolai Fechin Loaned by Mr. Homer Britzman
30 Taos Indian Dancer Nicolai Fechin Loaned by Mr. Homer Britzman
31 Navajo Girl on her Appaloosa Pony Harrison Begay Loaned by Mr. Don L. Perceval
32 Bronc Edward Borein Loaned by Mr. Homer Britzman
33 Canyon de Chelly Carl Oscar Borg Loaned by Cowie Galleries
34 Siesta in Hopiland Carl Oscar Borg Loaned by Cowie Galleries
35 Walpi Carl Oscar Borg Loaned by Mr. Homer Britzman
36 Squaw Dance Hoke Denetsosie Loaned by Mr. and Mrs. Harry C. James
37 Desert Rain Maynard Dixon Loaned by Mr. and Mrs. Harry C. James
38 Moose Philip R. Goodwin Loaned by Mr. Homer Britzman
39 Deer Philip R. Goodwin Loaned by Mr. Homer Britzman
40 In Old Mexico Frank Tenney Johnson Loaned by Mrs. F. Tenney Johnson
41 Navajo Conversation Gerald Naylor Loaned by Dr. and Mrs. Frederick Webb Hodge
42 The Challenge Charles M. Russell Loaned by Mr. Homer Britzman
43 At The End of the Rope Charles M. Russell Loaned by Mr. Homer Britzman
44 When the Trail was Long Between Camps * Charles M. Russell Loaned by Mr. Homer Britzman
45 An Unscheduled Stop Charles M. Russell Loaned by Mr. Homer Britzman
46 Running Doe and Fawn Yel Ha Yah Loaned by Mr. Don L. Perceval
47 Longhorn (Drypoint) Edward Borein Loaned by Mr. Buck Weaver
48 Navajos (Drypoint) Edward Borein Loaned by Mr. Don L. Perceval
49 Mexican Charros (Drypoint) Edward Borein Loaned by Mr. Homer Britzman
50 Navajo (Drypoint) Carl Oscar Borg Loaned by Mr. Don L. Perceval
51 Navajo Chief (Woodblock Print) Carl Oscar Borg Loaned by Mr. Don L. Perceval
52 San Jacinto (Linoleum-block Print) Frank Geritz Loaned by Mr. and Mrs. Harry C. James
53 Hills (Linoleum-block Print) Frank Geritz Loaned by Mr. and Mrs. Harry C. James
54 Indian Head (Lithograph) Maynard Dixon Loaned by Mr. Buck Weaver
55 Cowboy Will Crawford Loaned by Mr. Homer Britzman
56 Canyon Del Muerto Maynard Dixon Loaned by Mr. Buck Weaver
57 Robed Figure Maynard Dixon Loaned by Mr. Buck Weaver


Born in St. Louis, Mo., in 1874. Studied at the St. Louis School of Fine Art. Oscar Berninghaus was one of the first artists to decide that Taos, New Mexico was an ideal place for both painting and living. His paintings of the Pueblo Indians in their place in the New Mexico landscape have justly earned him the reputation he now enjoys.
Another early member of the Taos group of artists, Ernest Blumenschein, has painted the Pueblo Indians and adobe buildings of New Mexico with masterful handling of color and design. Born in Pittsburgh, Pa. in 1874, he studied at the Cincinnati Museum Association, the Art Students League, New York, and at the Academie Julien in Paris.

1873 - 1946

A Native Californian, Borein worked for cattle and horse outfits from Canada to Mexico and came early and naturally to his knowledge and love of portraying them. Best known for his etchings, his subjects range from the cowhands and Indians of the North and West through the Pueblos of the Southwest and the Missions of California to the Charros of Mexico.

1879 - 1947

Born in Sweden. While employed as a merchant seaman, Borg came to the Port of San Francisco in 1904 and decided to remain in California. Although entirely self-taught his talent attracted the notice of Mrs. P. B. Hearst whose generosity enabled him to visit the art centers of Europe and America. Carl Oscar Borg chose as his subjects the Hopi, the Navajo and the Western landscape and, while well known as a painter, his finest works were his etchings and woodblock portraits of Indians.
CLARKE, John L.  
John Clarke or Catapuis, to use his Indian name, is a half-blood Blackfoot Indian born in Montana. His woodcarving is truly fine art created by a man who has the Indian's intimacy and knowledge of all the creatures of his native Rocky Mountains.

1869 - 1943

While most of Crawford's fine pen and ink drawings were produced as book and magazine illustrations, he is now recognized as being one of the greatest draughtsmen of his day. A meticulous craftsman, he did an enormous amount of research and study before drawing even a minor illustration. 

1875 - 1946

Born in Fresno, California. Maynard Dixon began his career as a newspaper and magazine illustrator but spent every spare moment in learning and sketching the West. He made innumerable drawings of all those things that were to become the subjects of his paintings and murals. Few men have been so well equipped to portray the grandeur of the Western landscape or to interpret the dignity and inmost feelings of those who live on its vast surface. Maynard Dixon did all this with the honesty and forthrightness that was part of his great character. 
Born in Kazar, Russia in 1881 the son of a woodcarver and maker of Church images, Nicolai Fechin, former member of the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts in Petrogard, came to the United States, living and working in Taos, New Mexico for many years before moving to California. Equally renowned for his woodcarving as well as his painting, Fechin has executed many important commissions for portraits and strongly handled Southwestern landscapes.
Born in Orange, California in 1885 he studied both in his native state and at the Art Students' League in New York. In 1920, after a very full life in the newspaper and magazine world, Clyde Forsythe returned to California to paint the desert, portraits of horses and pictures of Western life.

1896 - 1945

Born in Hungary, Franz Geritz came to the United States at an early age. For the most part self taught, he wanted to enter the California School of Fine Arts and did so by supporting himself drawing portraits of visiting celebrities for the San Francisco newspapers. Using the linoleum block to express his art, Franz Geritz elevated this, hitherto, unconsidered medium, to the realm of fine art and became famous for his Western landscapes and historical portraits.

1888 - ?

A pupil of Howard Pyle, Philip Goodwin was fascinated by the picturesque outdoor life of the Northwest and although best known as an illustrator, his paintings of animal life put him high in the ranks of men who recorded wildlife of the country in its natural habitat.

1874 - 1948

Born in Leavenworth, Kansas, Blanche Grant studied at the Boston Museum Art School, The Pennsylvania Academy of fine Arts and in Paris. In 1920 she went to Taos, New Mexico and lived there until the time of her death. In addition to painting the Southwestern scene she was the author of such books as "When Old Trails Were New," "Taos 100 Years Ago" and "Taos Today."

1884 - 1949

Born in Shelbyville, Indiana, he studied at the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts, the Chicago Art Institute, the Grand Chauniere in Paris and under Robert Henri. Victor Higgins went to Taos, New Mexico early in his career and painted the Indians of the Southwest with a characteristic boldness and sense of decoration that earned him election to the National Academy. His small landscapes of the Taos country, equally well known, show his distinctive choice of color and handling.

1874 - 1939

Born at Big Grove, later called Oakland, Iowa, young Frank Tenney Johnson grew up to see and draw the cattle herds and wagons of the last of the Frontier period on the Overland Trail and to paint them became his ambition. First apprenticed to a panorama painter then a student at the Art Students' League and later as a newspaper and fashion artist, he never forgot that ambition and finally he was able to return to the West and paint as he desired. Frank Tenney Johnson's richly painted scenes of the cattle range, the Indian and the moonlit Western town have earned him a high and unique place as a painter of the West.
Born in Plainfield, New Hampshire in 1876. Studied at the Normal Art School, Boston, Massachusetts and at the Stickley Art School, Pasadena, California. A painter with an extremely fine reputation for her portraits of American Indians. Kathryn Leighton has painted over seven hundred such portraits and has exhibited them in most of the best galleries in the United States as well as in London and Paris.

1876 - 1947

Born in Montevideo, Uruguay, Jo Mora came to the United States in childhood. He studied at the Art Students' League, New York, the Chase School, New York and the Cowles Art School in Boston. While well known for his book illustration and for the Mora Maps, Jo Mora's fame came from his sculpture, many fine pieces of which adorn the public buildings of the West. Perhaps the best known is the Junipero Serra Sarcophagus at San Carlos Mission, Carmel, California.
Born in Germany in 1890, Paap has painted in many parts of the world. His strongly handled portraits of peasant or prospector have gained him considerable recognition wherever he happened to be. In addition to painting the fine characters to be found around Taos, where he now lives, Hans Paap has painted in Europe, Africa, South America, Mexico, and the American West.

1896 - 1945

Born in Washburn, Missouri, Payne left home at the age of fourteen to start the career of roaming and painting that continued all his life. He later studied for a short while at the Chicago Art Institute, but found the world more to his liking than the confines of a school. Edgar Payne 

1864 - 1926

Born in St. Louis, Missouri, Charles Russell went to Montana Territory at the age of fifteen and worked as a night wrangler. As he grew older he worked for many of the big cattle outfits and, to use his own words "In the spring I wrangled horses, in the fall I herded beef." Entirely self-taught, he never claimed to be an artist but he recorded the West as no other man has ever done. Equally skilled with pen and ink, water color, oil paint and sculpture he preferred the latter and executed many dramatic pieces depicting men and animals of the era that was passing while he lived. The authenticity of Russell's work has made him recognized as one of the West's great historians and a master craftsman in the eyes of all students and collectors of Western Art. On the center pages of this catalogue is reproduced one of his fine oils "Where Great Herds Come To Drink." The scene is on the Missouri River in Montana.
Born in Eureka, California in 1875 he joined the staff of the San Francisco Examiner in 1882, originating the comic strip, and continuing his association with the newspaper world to the present day. Early in life Jimmy Swinnerton was fascinated by the beauty of the desert and the spell of the Navajo country both of which he paints with a fidelity to nature and wealth of observation that places his work in a class by itself. He really knows his desert.

1976 - 1936

Born in Louisville, Kentucky, Walter Ufer first studied art at the Applied Art School in Hamburg, Germany while apprenticed to a lithographer in that city. He also studied at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Dresden, the J. Francis Smith school in Chicago and the Academie Julien in Paris. Finally returning to the United States he settled in Taos, New Mexico where he painted the Pueblo Indians with the sincerity, soundness and beauty of design that have made his canvasses known and respected throughout the world.


Born in 1888. The early years of this century found him earning his way in the cowcamps and towns of Arizona. Hired to drive a trader deep into the Navajo country Buck Weaver stayed to spend several years trading with the Navajo, learning their country and their language. His desire to paint the scenes around him brought him to San Francisco in the early twenties to study with Maynard Dixon, become his lifelong friend and assist with the painting of many of the murals by that great artist. Buck Weaver's canvasses are simple, truthful statements of his knowledge of the Western landscape.


Born in Christmas, Florida, in 1901. Studied at the Cleveland School of Art, Cleveland, Ohio and under Charles Despiau, the former student of Rodin, in Paris. A wide knowledge of horses combined with his excellent training as a scultor have given "Tex" Wheeler an enviable reputation for both his portraits of famous horses and his Western bronzes.


POMONA COLLEGE wishes to make grateful acknowledgment to all those who have so generously loaned their pictures and sculptures for this Exhibition. Their names appear below each item in the Catalogue.
Further thanks are extended to:

Mr. Homer Britzman, for allowing the use of so many color prints of his Charlie Russell pictures for use in this Catalogue, for his help in gathering information for the Catalogue, and for the additional loan of branding irons, buffalo skull, and the Navajo blankets from his collection.
Mr. Buck Weaver, for framing many pictures that were without frames, for his invaluable help in hanging the Exhibition, and for the additional loan of Navajo bayeta and native wool blankets, moccasins, Tewa storage jar, Hopi Kachina doll, flintlock rifle, and steer skull, from his collection.
Mr. A. S. Cowie, for parting with so many pictures from his sales gallery at one time.
Mr. and Mrs. Harry C. James, for the additional loan of Navajo blankets, Hopi basketry and Kachina dolls, and Hopi and Pueblo pottery, from their collection.
Mr. Don Louis Perceval, for the loan of Navajo blankets, silver, and dolls, Hopi Kachina dolls and baskets, Acoma pottery, Paiute, Pomo and Washoe baskets, from his collection.
Mr. Ralph Altman, of Altman Antiques, for the loan of the Haida and Tlinket masks; Northwest Coast painted panel, basketry hat and totem pole; Nootka and Eskimo baskets; Chumash carved seal; Hopi woman head-dress and pottery bowl; Zuni, Acoma, Desert Papago, and Santo Domingo pottery; Pima basket; prehistoric pottery from Pueblos 1, 2 and 3; Crow woman's dress; Blackfoot painted hide and parfleche.
Mr. Peter Peters, of Peters Arts and Crafts, for his loan of Borego Valley storage jar; Pima, Pomo and Mission baskets; Navajo diamond weave, bayeta, and other blankets.
Mr. Edward H. Bohlin, for the loan of saddles and silverwork from his stock.
C. Hawkins Displays, for the loan of Mojave wood from their stock.
And to Mr. Paul Bailey and his Westernlore Press, for printing this Catalogue at such short notice.

Typography, in the Stymie series, and printing of this catalogue were executed by Paul Bailey and Westernlore Press, Los Angeles. Paper is deckle-edged felt-finished Mellotint. Six hundred copies only were struck off.